Also read: Supreme Court Judgements Online
Since the Initial days of the system of law scenario started in Rome, the scales of justice have been used to identify the proper balance between truth and fairness sought after in the legal proceedings.
Different meanings and perspectives
The gavel is used in a court of law to keep the court proceedings calm and orderly.
A gavel is a small ceremonial mallet commonly made of hardwood, typically fashioned with a handle and often struck against a sound block to enhance its sounding qualities. It is a symbol of the authority and right to act officially in the capacity of a chair or presiding officer. It is used to call for attention or to punctuate rulings and proclamations. It is customarily struck to indicate the opening (call to order) and closing (adjournment) of proceedings, giving rise to the phrase gavel-to-gavel to describe the entirety of a meeting or session, and to indicate that an item has been sold in an auction. It is also commonly used in United States courts by judges. History is vague, but there are references to the word in Medieval England in reference to a tribute or rent payment made with something other than cash. These agreements were set in an English land court with the sound of a "gavel".
Generally wearing normal and glittery costumes in the courtroom is considered disrespectful to the law.
In the courtroom dress code is a 'Symbol of Confidence', a 'Symbol of Discipline' and a 'Symbol of the Profession', a 'Proud Part of an Individual’s Personality for professionalism.
In most countries of the world justices wear black, or at the very least garments with some black trim or lining. The traditional story holds that the custom began in 17th Century England. England when robes were adopted in 1685 was symbolic of mourning for King Charles II. In 1694 all the nation's judges attended the funeral of Queen Mary (1662-1694) dressed in black robes as a sign of mourning, and because the queen was so beloved, they kept mourning for many years afterward. Britain then became a great global superpower that everyone either copied or was conquered by, which led to black robes becoming the de facto world standard. This is obviously a fairly broad explanation that sounds more than a little apocryphal, but most historians generally accept its broad shape of it.
At the same time, black was a broadly popular color in 17th Century Europe in general. Both Catholics and Protestant clergy began wearing black around this time, and the color has long been associated with Godly authority and dignity as a result. 17th Century Puritan Protestants, who were quite socially and politically influential in England, Holland, and Scandinavia, considered black the most neutral and unpretentious color, and thus appropriate for people in positions of trust and dignity.
Black was also just a broadly fashionable color with a lot of people in those days — as it is now. Chances are, there was no one factor that got judges wearing black in the 17th century, but rather a milieu of distinct — but related — European cultural influences.In any case, as we shall see, the idea that judges only wear black is a bit of a myth to begin with. Red is easily the second-most popular color for judicial robes, and it's a color with dramatically different cultural associations.
Today, when a new court is being set up somewhere, judges wear black simply because it's expected. But that is the custom started by the British. They did so because it was the fashion of that particular era or they probably used it because of the local climatic conditions. As the rulers, they imposed the same culture and customs on the `colonies’ they acquired without taking into consideration the local climatic requirements or general socio-economic conditions. However, many of these `colonies’ continued with the legacy and adopted the same system, the same culture, the same laws, and even the same dress without any changes even after they freed themselves from the imperial rule.
For example, in India as well as in its neighboring countries like Pakistan and Bangladesh situation remains the same after decades of independence. Though certain amendments were made in-laws and the Constitutions, however, the issue of the dress code has been overlooked.
In India, the Advocate’s Act 1961 makes it mandatory for advocates appearing in the supreme court., high courts, subordinate courts, tribunals, or authorities to wear a dress that is sober and dignified. The dress code is not merely a status symbol, but brings out discipline among lawyers and gives them the confidence to fight for justice. The dress code also differentiates the lawyers from other professionals. Black is the color of authority and power. Black also implies submission. Priests wear black to signify submission to God. So is the case with lawyers. Their submissions are towards justice. white band symbolizes innocence and purity.
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