The Supreme Court bench comprising Justices BR Gavai and Vikram Nath refused to entertain petitions against the decision to conduct a caste-based census given by the Government of Bihar. On January 7, 2023, Bihar Government launched a caste survey for compiling data on each family through the mobile application. The top Court said that “So this is a publicity interest litigation. How can we issue directions on how much reservation should be granted to such and such caste. Sorry, we can’t issue such directions and can’t entertain these petitions.” After hearing the Counsel, the bench asked them to file before the Patna High Court and dismissed all the petitions. Three petitions were filed against the caste headcount in the Supreme Court including an organization named Ek Sock Ek Prayas, the right-wing outfit Hindu Sena and a Bihar resident called Akhilesh Kumar.